"OCD" or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a mental illness wherein an individual feels the need to repeatedly check things or have particular thoughts over and over again. A patient might feel the need to perform particular routines repeatedly. Frequency of repetition is so intense that it severely and negatively affect a patient’s life (because these activities often take up a lot of the patient’s time). Most of the adult patients do realize that their behavior makes no sense. OCD has often been linked with anxiety disorder, increased thoughts of suicide, tics and substance abuse and dependence.
The cause of obsessive compulsive disorder is yet to be established. However, it has been found that the risk of OCD is higher among persons with a history of stress induced events or child abuse. In some cases, OCD has surfaced as a result of an infection. Genetic components may also play a role since OCD affects identical twins more as compared to non-identical twins.
Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment:
During the course of this disease, patient finds it difficult to have control over their activities or thoughts. These activities pay a pivotal role in identifying the patients of OCD. Some of the most common activities that an OCD patient performs are washing hands, checking the lock on the door and counting things repeatedly. In some cases, patient might find it hard to throw out certain things.
The diagnosis and treatment depends on the symptoms a person displays. The diagnosis of OCD is carried out when it has been conclusively established that the symptoms are not related to any drugs or medical causes. Furthermore, there are many scales that can be used to measure the severity of the disease and then diagnose the patient with this serious mental illness.
The treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder requires behavioral therapy. In some cases, the treatment may also involve the use of SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors). There are a number of behavioral therapies that exists to treat OCD. The type of therapy employed for the treatment would depend upon on what triggers the activities to occur and the method of stopping the reoccurrence of those activities. It implies that the therapist must find a way to stop the repetitive behavior from recurring. Without proper and effective treatment, the problem of this serious mental illness can last for many years (and can also increase in intensity).
Facts about OCD:
- OCD is quite a common disorder and medically speaking a large number of western population suffers from OCD to some extent; (higher intensity is considered a serious mental illness).
- The disorder affects 2.3% of the world population at one point in life or the other.
- The disorder occurs worldwide and it affects both the females and males equally.
- Half of the population of the world exhibits the symptoms of the disorder before they turn twenty. However, it is highly unusual for the patient to develop the symptoms of the disorder after they turn thirty five.